HOW TO RESEARCH YOUR DENTISTRY ESSAY
As you search indexes or read bibliographies, you will come across references to journal articles
of interest (or to articles or chapters within books). If you aren't sure how
to "decipher" these citations (or even figure out whether they refer to articles or
books), here are a couple of examples which should help.
8. Deciphering citations
(Please note that writing your own citations within your essay, to reference your sources, is
a totally separate matter, as was explained in Section 6,
Keeping track of your sources.)
EXAMPLE: REFERENCE TO A JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mock D. The differential diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders. [Journal Article] Journal of
Orofacial Pain. 13(4):246-50, 1999 Fall.
This citation tells us:
- The article's author is D. Mock.
- The article's title is "The differential diagnosis of temporomandibular
- The journal's title is "Journal of Orofacial Pain".
- The journal issue is numbered: volume 13, number 4.
- The pages are numbered: 246 to 250.
- The journal issue is dated: Fall, 1999.
A few clues that the above example refers to a journal article are:
- a journal title
- volume and issue numbers
- the date "Fall 1999" (too specific to be a book, which would only have a
year of publication)
EXAMPLE: REFERENCE TO AN ARTICLE WITHIN A
Turner CG II, Nichol CR, Scott GR. Scoring procedures for key morphological traits of the
permanent dentition: The Arizona State University dental anthropology system. In: Kelly MA,
Larsen CS, eds. Advances in dental anthropology. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1991: 13-31.
This citation tells us:
- The article's authors are C.G. Turner II, C.R. Nichol, and G.R. Scott.
- The article's title is "Scoring procedures for key morphological traits of the permanent
dentition: The Arizona State University dental anthropology system".
- The book's editors are M.A. Kelly and C.S. Larsen.
- The book's title is "Advances in dental anthropology".
- The book's place of publication is New York.
- The book's publisher is Wiley-Liss.
- The book's year of publication is 1991.
- The article's page numbers are 13-31.
The clues that the above example refers to an article within a book are:
- the word "In:"
- the abbreviation "eds." (meaning "editors ")
- the mention of a place of publication (New York) and a publishing company (Wiley-Liss).
Some citations abbreviate the title of the journal (e.g., J Dent Res stands for
Journal of Dental Research).. To find out what a particular abbreviation stands for,
see the Dental Library's
Journal title abbreviations web page.
Following the trail
Dental Library home page
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© 2004, Margaret Fulford. All rights reserved.